The Jaguar F-Type is a two-door, two-seater sports car, manufactured by British luxury car manufacturer Jaguar Land Rover under their Jaguar marque since 2013. The car's JLR D6a platform is based on a shortened version of the XK's platform. It serves as the spiritual successor to the famous E-Type while also being the replacement for the XK grand tourer. The car was launched initially as a 2-door soft-top convertible, with a 2-door fastback coupé version launched in 2013. The coupé version was unveiled at the 2013 Los Angeles Auto Show (F-Type R Coupé) and 2013 Tokyo Motor Show, followed by 2013 Jaguar Academy of Sport Annual Awards, an exclusive event in Canary Wharf, London. The vehicle was set to go on sale in spring 2014. Launch models scheduled include the F-Type (340 PS), F-Type S (380 PS) and F-Type R (550 PS). The F-Type utilises an all-aluminium unitary chassis, assembled with flush rivets and glue. Sound and vibration insulation is provided by the addition of a special underbody tray and engine mounts, and a double bulkhead between the engine bay and passenger compartment. The convertible roof is an electrically operated retractable fabric piece. Jaguar says by eschewing metal it can keep the car's centre of gravity low, while a Thinsulate layer means thermal and sound insulation is akin to a solid roof. At launch, the entry-level model used Jaguar’s new 3.0-litre V6 supercharged petrol engine, producing a maximum power output of 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp), enabling the car to accelerate from 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) in 5.1 seconds, and attain a top speed of 161 mph (259 km/h). The F-Type S has the same engine uprated at 380 PS (279 kW; 375 hp), allowing the car to attain a top speed of 171 mph (275 km/h), and achieve acceleration from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.8 seconds. Next in the range is the V8 F-Type R, with Jaguar’s 5.0-litre, 550 PS (405 kW; 542 hp) supercharged V8 petrol engine, allowing the car to attain a top speed of 186 mph (299 km/h) and accelerate from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.0 seconds. Topping the range is the F-Type SVR, with the same engine as the F-Type R uprated at 575 PS (423 kW; 567 hp) enabling the car to attain a top speed of 200 mph (322 km/h) and accelerate from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 3.5 seconds. The layout is front-engine, rear-wheel-drive, or all-wheel drive for the F-Type SVR. The gearbox is an eight-speed automatic with paddle-shifters offering manual override. In 2015, a ZF six-speed manual became available as an option on the V6 models. There is a mechanical limited-slip differential on the V6 S and an electronic limited-slip differential on the V8. In 2018, a 2.0L turbocharged Inline-4 engine was added as the new entry level powertrain, Jaguar's first four-cylinder sports car. The F-Type has a double-wishbone front and rear suspension with adaptive dampers and adjustable suspension settings to allow the driver to adjust ride and handling. The car has a total of 25 different driving modes programmed to suit different road conditions and driving styles. The interior of the F-Type has a two-seater setup with the leather upholstery and control buttons finished in aluminium. There is a touchscreen display in the centre console and another TFT display between the dials in the instrument panel. There is also a choice of flat-bottom or Alcantara finish for the three-spoke steering wheel and buttons finished in soft-feel matt black. The F-Type debuted a stop-start engine shutoff function, which Jaguar claims boosts economy by 5 percent. The F-Type features bi-xenon headlights with integrated LED daytime running lights, along with full LED lighting at the rear. The S and V8 S versions come equipped with an "active exhaust system" which opens special valves over 3,000 rpm to intensify the sound profile. There is a retractable rear wing and door handles that are left hidden with the bodywork until needed. The fabric roof on the convertible raises or lowers in 12 seconds, and can be used when the car is moving at up to 48 km/h (30 mph). The audio systems offered, use Meridian technology with either 380 W spread across ten speakers or 770 W across twelve speakers. Jaguar UK ambassador José Mourinho became the first customer to take delivery of the new F-Type Coupé in March 2014.